F is for Rosalind Franklin – Molecular Biologist
Rosalind Franklin (1920 – 1958) is best known for her participation in the research that uncovered the double helix pattern of DNA, for which James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1962.
Much of the basis of understanding the structure of DNA comes from an X-ray diffraction image taken in 1952, often referred to as “Photo 51”.
Later in life, she went on to study the molecular structure of viruses before her untimely death due to cancer at the age of 37.
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